Psychiatry – Psychotropic drugs

The following are examples of groups of psychotropic drugs used in psychiatry:

  • Antipsychotic dtugs
  • Antidepressant drugs
  • Mood stabilisers
  • Anxiolytic drugs
  • Cognitive enhancers
  • Stimulants

There are some conditions in psychiatry which have a strong indication for the use of psychotropic drugs. These include the following:

  • Schizophrenia, for the acute treatment of schizophrenia and to prevent relapse into psychosis.
  • Bipolar Disorder, to treat acute mania, depression and for prophylaxis
  • Severe depression, for acute treatment and to prevent relapse back into depression

Other conditions in psychiatry don’t always require the use of psychotropic drugs. For some of these conditions, there are effective psychotherapies available, which may be used instead or in combination with psychotropic drugs. Conditions with a weaker indication for psychotropic drugs include:

  • Moderate depression (including dysthymia)
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Insomnia
  • Eating disorders

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